Reps. Tulsi Gabbard, Austin Scott Introduce Legislation to End Illegal U.S. War to Overthrow Syrian Government of Assad

From http://gabbard.house.gov/index.php/press-releases/520-reps-tulsi-gabbard-austin-scott-introduce-legislation-to-end-illegal-u-s-war-to-overthrow-syrian-government-of-assad

Temple of Bel, Palmyra 02.jpg

Washington, DC—Today, Rep. Tulsi Gabbard (D-HI) and Rep. Austin Scott (R-GA), both members of the House Armed Services Committee, introduced H.R. 4108, a bipartisan bill to end U.S. efforts to overthrow the Syrian Arab Republic led by President Bashar al-Assad.

Congresswoman Tulsi Gabbard, a twice-deployed combat veteran, said the intent of the bill is to “Bring an immediate end to the illegal, counter-productive war to overthrow the Syrian government of Assad.”

Rep. Tulsi Gabbard explained,“The U.S. is waging two wars in Syria. The first is the war against ISIS and other Islamic extremists, which Congress authorized after the terrorist attack on 9/11.  The second war is the illegal war to overthrow the Syrian government of Assad.

“The war to overthrow Assad is counter-productive because it actually helps ISIS and other Islamic extremists achieve their goal of overthrowing the Syrian government of Assad and taking control of all of Syria—which will simply increase human suffering in the region, exacerbate the refugee crisis, and pose a greater threat to the world.  Also, the war to overthrow Assad is illegal because Congress never authorized it.”

Congressman Austin Scott said, “Our primary mission should be the war against ISIS, al Qaeda, and radical Islamic extremists that have operations both inside and outside of Syria and Iraq.  Those groups have carried out attacks on American allies, and are currently threatening attacks on our homeland.  This represents a clear and present danger to our citizens, and I support eliminating these radical Islamic terrorists through any means necessary.  Working to remove Assad at this stage is counter-productive to what I believe our primary mission should be.”

Congresswoman Tulsi Gabbard said, “Here are 10 reasons the U.S. must end its war to overthrow the Syrian government of Assad:
1.     Because if we succeed in overthrowing the Syrian government of Assad, it will open the door for ISIS, al-Qaeda, and other Islamic extremists to take over all of Syria.  There will be genocide and suffering on a scale beyond our imagination.  These Islamic extremists will take over all the weaponry, infrastructure, and military hardware of the Syrian army and be more dangerous than ever before.

2.     Because overthrowing the Syrian government of Assad is the goal of ISIS, al-Qaeda, and other Islamic extremist groups. We should not be allying ourselves with these Islamic extremists by helping them achieve their goal because it is against the security interests of the United States and all of civilization.

3.     Because the money and weapons the CIA is providing to overthrow the Syrian government of Assad are going directly or indirectly into the hands of the Islamic extremist groups, including al-Qaeda affiliates, al-Nusra, Ahrar al-Sham, and others who are the actual enemies of the United States.  These groups make up close to 90 percent of the so-called opposition forces, and are the most dominant fighters on the ground.

4.     Because our efforts to overthrow Assad have increased and will continue to increase the strength of ISIS and other Islamic extremists, thus making them a bigger regional and global threat.

5.     Because this war has exacerbated the chaos and carnage in Syria and, along with the terror inflicted by ISIS and other Islamic extremist groups fighting to take over Syria, continues to increase the number of Syrians forced to flee their country.

6.     Because we should learn from our past mistakes in Iraq and Libya that U.S. wars to overthrow secular dictators (Saddam Hussein and Muammar Gaddafi) cause even more chaos and human suffering and open the door for Islamic extremists to take over in those countries.

7.     Because the U.S. has no credible government or government leader ready to bring order, security, and freedom to the people of Syria.

8.     Because even the ‘best case’ scenario—that the U.S. successfully overthrows the Syrian government of Assad—would obligate the United States to spend trillions of dollars and the lives of American service members in the futile effort to create a new Syria.  This is what we have been trying to do in Iraq for twelve years, and we still have not succeeded.  The situation in Syria will be much more difficult than in Iraq.

9.     Because our war against the Syrian government of Assad is interfering with our being one-pointedly focused on the war to defeat ISIS, al-Qaeda, and the other Islamic extremists who are our actual enemy.

10.  Because our war to overthrow the Assad government puts us in direct conflict with Russia and increases the likelihood of war between the United States and Russia and the possibility of another world war.”

Congresswoman Tulsi Gabbard said, “To destroy ISIS will take international alliances.  If we are serious about defeating ISIS and solving the refugee problem, we’ll work in partnership with Russia, France, and anyone else who is serious about destroying ISIS and affiliated Islamic extremist organizations worldwide.

“The problem is, because the U.S. is trying to overthrow the Syrian government of Assad and Russia is supporting the government of Assad, it is impossible for us to have an effective, cooperative relationship with Russia in our mutual fight against ISIS.  Our focus on overthrowing Assad is interfering with our ability to destroy ISIS.”

“We must immediately end the illegal, counter-productive war to overthrow the Syrian government of Assad and ally ourselves with any countries willing to focus on destroying the Islamic extremists who pose a genuine threat to civilization,” Congresswoman Tulsi Gabbard concluded.

Tulsi Gabbard, spent her life growing up in beautiful Hawai‘i. As a teenager, she co-founded an environmental non-profit called Healthy Hawai’i Coalition, focused on educating children about protecting Hawaii’s environment. An advocate for environmental policy, Tulsi was elected to the Hawai‘i State Legislature in 2002 when she was just 21 years old, becoming the youngest person ever elected in the state. A year later, she joined the Hawai‘i Army National Guard to serve Hawai‘i and our country. In 2004, Tulsi volunteered to deploy with her fellow soldiers, becoming the first state official to voluntarily step down from public office to serve in a war zone.
Tulsi served two tours of duty in the Middle East, and she continues her service as a Major in the Army National Guard. Tulsi’s 2005 deployment was a 12-month tour at Logistical Support Area Anaconda in Iraq, where she served in a field medical unit as a specialist with a 29th Support Battalion medical company. She was awarded the Meritorious Service Medal at the end of this tour.
In between her two tours, Tulsi served in the U.S. Senate as a legislative aide to Senator Daniel Akaka (D-HI), where she advised him on energy independence, homeland security, the environment, and veteran issues. While working for Senator Akaka in 2007, Tulsi graduated from the Accelerated Officer Candidate School at the Alabama Military Academy, where she was the first woman to finish as the distinguished honor graduate in the Academy’s 50-year history. Tulsi was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant and again assigned to the 29th Brigade Special Troops Battalion of the Hawaiʻi Army National Guard—this time to serve as the Military Police Platoon Leader.
Tulsi continued to work for Senator Akaka until 2009, when she again voluntarily deployed with her unit to the Middle East. During this second deployment, in addition to leading her platoon on a wide variety of security missions, she also conducted non-military host-nation visits and served as a primary trainer for the Kuwait National Guard. Tulsi was one of the first women to set foot inside a Kuwait military facility and became the first woman to ever be awarded and honored by the Kuwait National Guard for her work in their training and readiness program.
In 2010, Tulsi was elected to the Honolulu City Council, serving as Chair of the Safety, Economic Development, and Government Affairs Committee and Vice Chair of the Budget Committee. In 2011, she visited Indonesia as part of a peacekeeping training with the Indonesian Army. Tulsi was elected in 2012 to the United States House of Representatives, serving Hawaii’s 2nd District. She is one of the first two female combat veterans to ever serve in the U.S. Congress, and also its first and only Hindu member.
Now in her second term in Congress, Tulsi brings with her a broad range of real world experience, a storehouse of personal strength, and tested leadership as she represents the people of Hawai’i and our nation in Congress. As she works on the challenges that face our country, she remains focused on bringing her pragmatic approach to working in a collaborative, bipartisan fashion to find real solutions that best serve the people. Tulsi serves on the House Armed Services Committee and House Foreign Affairs Committee where she is a strong advocate for veterans, our service members, and making smart strategic decisions that best secure our nation. Tulsi is working every day to make sure we have a sustainable economy that works for all families, with access to affordable health care, good jobs, and a quality education.
In the 114th Congress, Rep. Tulsi Gabbard serves on the following House Committees and Caucuses:
  • House Committee on Foreign Affairs
    • Subcommittee on Asia and the Pacific
    • Subcommittee on Europe, Eurasia, and Emerging Threats
  • House Committee on Armed Services
    • Subcommittee on Seapower and Projection Forces
    • Subcommittee on Readiness
  • Congressional Future Caucus (Founder and co-chair)
  • Congressional Post 9/11 Veterans Caucus (Founder and co-chair)
  • Diversifying Technology Caucus (Founder and co-chair)
  • Congressional Veterans Jobs Caucus
  • Bipartisan Veterans Caucus
  • National Guard and Reserve Components Caucus
  • Congressional STEAM Caucus (Science, Technology, Engineering, Arts and Math)
  • Small Business Caucus
  • Congressional India Caucus
  • Congressional Asian Pacific American Caucus

 

Photo: The Temple of Bel in Palmyra, which was destroyed by ISIL in August 2015, Bernard Gagnon – Own work

November

Alles gehts los…

C O N = L I B R I

Es ist November. Und es ist Krieg. In Afrika. Im Jemen. Im Nahen Osten. In der Ukraine. Es sind Bürgerkriege. Religionskriege. Kriege um Einfluss, Macht, Machterhalt, Rohstoffe, gegen Unterdrückung, Ausbeutung und Despotismus. In Deutschland sind Kriegsgräber. Kreuze auf Rasenflächen die an unsere Kriege erinnern.

Nach jedem Krieg ein überzeugtes “Nie wieder!” Zwischen Erstem und Zweitem Weltkrieg lagen gerade einmal 21 Jahre. Deutschland lebt nun seit über 70 Jahren in einem friedensähnlichen Zustand. Doch dieser Zustand ist labil, das Gleichgewicht allzeit gefährdet, die Ruhe trügerisch. Wenn Geschichte mit Erfahrung zu tun hat, dann muss uns der Verstand sagen, dass der letzte Krieg in Deutschland, den meine Generation nur aus Erzählungen von Eltern und Großeltern kennt, nicht der wirklich letzte gewesen sein wird.

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“Toter Soldat / Deine Feldpost im Regen der wie Feuer fällt / Toter Soldat / Und daneben der Segen der kein Wort mehr hält.”(1)

Irgendeine Wiese, umzäunt, irgendwo…

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Interview with Dr. Joseph Goebbels

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HD – Guten Morgen Herr Doktor, and thank you again for agreeing to meet me for this interview. We know that you are at the moment extremely busy.

JG – Good morning Honoré. I like your use of “we”: do you mean you and your Jewish/American friends, or is it now the “royal We”?

HD – Nothing of the sort, I can assure you, merely a reference to friends who are interested in European politics as well. If I may, I will start with some preliminary questions.

JG – Ha ha… Be my guest, I will answer all intelligent questions!

HD – It has been now some years since your last interview in English (I recall it was with the magazine “Prospect”.) Since then tremendous events have shaken our world: the financial maelstrom of 2008, the wars in the Middle East, the war in the Ukraine. I would like to know your views on these developments, including the rise of the extreme right in Europe.

JG – Mm… I am a bit confused about what you and your estimated colleagues describe as the “far right”. From the perspective of someone of my age – and remember someone the Führer tasked explicitly to remove the bolsheviks from Berlin! – there is no national-revolutionary movement in Europe at present. There might be a slow and hesitant response of some sections of the people to the appalling situation created for workers the world over by Judeo-Capitalism, not a new story. We ourselves succeeded in our enterprise – after much work and sacrifices – because precisely of the mess caused by your masters after WWI. But I probably don’t need to remind you.

HD – Perhaps we could start with this then: what, in your view, is the root case of the crisis we are living through, particularly since the beginning of the banking crisis in the US.

JG – It has all been written long ago. Re-read Mein Kampf, or, even, authors on your side of the fence: there are some worthy lessons in Karl Polanyi, for example. By the late 60’s, Judeo Capitalism decided that enough was enough, they no longer needed gloves to exploit the people. The lessons of the 30’s, the long war, all was now forgotten, buried under the consumerism they had successfully promoted since the war. Within two decades the US and the UK deindustrialised, shipping workers jobs to Asia and other slave colonies. They evidently had prepared their plan carefully. Credit replaced decent wages: the bubble grew. The hyperfinancialisation that followed could only end up in disaster. Your mentor Mr Giovanni Arrighi explained all this superbly! So now the entire building is shaken to its foundation. Moreover the Eurasian continent is moving…

HD  – Before we come to that, I must say I am very surprised to hear you quote Polanyi and Arrighi, Herr Doktor!

JG – You should not be. We, National-Socialists, have always known how to borrow from our enemies. In this case I don’t even see either of them as “enemies”. Simply they did not draw the end conclusions of their own analysis. For example, Arrighi could have drawn some useful insights from the demise of the British Empire, not just in terms of world-system, but indeed in terms of the ultimate failure of what you and your friends call “globalisation”. 

HD – Very interesting… Coming to the Middle-East, what is your analysis of what has been happening since 2001?

JG – There are two root causes, that are closely intertwined. In one sentence: Israel, and the unsolvable Palestine issue, and the “Neo-Cons”, again to borrow your vocabulary. The Neo-Cons are an extension of the Israel lobby in the US. Iraq, Libya, Syria, all are pieces on the board the Jewish state’s game. I am not teaching you anything there. What is, perhaps, relative news to you (but not to us), is the (now) evident collusion of so-called traditional Arab countries, chiefly Saudi-Arabia, and Israel . But, remember, your friend Mr Roosevelt stopped in Ryad on his way back from Yalta – for a reason! So, what we had, in sequence, a provocation (the two towers), a mock, intractable conflict (Afghanistan), and then the beginning of the onslaught, Iraq. The chaos in Iraq was, for all intelligent observers, including ourselves, unavoidable, and deliberate. Saudi money and jewish expertise flowed in, to arm and train the so-called jihadists, and demolish whatever was left of nationhood in the region. The pooddle governments of France and the UK followed suite in Libya. It’s all very clear. The thinking was that no-one in the world could do anything about it. 

HD – Until Syria… What do you think made the Russian Federation act?

JG – We have followed these events with great interest. You see, something your American friends still have not realised, is that Russia has got rid of bolshevism! Russia is reasserting itself, developing a web of alliances with those countries that will count in this and the next century. Russia was in no position to oppose the war to Iraq. Furthermore Mr Hussein was a US agent. But 2014 is not 2003: Mr Putin and his government have done some good work. Look at the statistics that matter: birth rate, industrial production, growth of the arm industry. There is no longer any reason for the US to continue pretending they are the one superpower! And then there is a simple fact, that we knew already when we planned Barbarossa: only the Eurasian landmass will survive absolute war.

HD – You mean nuclear war?

JG – Absolute war, generally, a nuclear engagement would not last very long. What matters is what would follow. We lost the war because Germany was too small. Just think of the combination of Russia and China, and a few allies. So, the bottom line is, that the US State Department and the Pentagon may rage and puff, but Syria is not Libya. From our viewpoint, the US Judeo-Capitalist nexus is on its way out. It will take time, and we are sure a lot more victims around the world. But time is against them. You reminded me of that interview with Prospect, I said it at the time: when we are back there won’t be a Soviet Union to save your bacon! Literally, there ain’t!

HD – Are you saying you are back?

JG – Not yet, but we will. And don’t mention to me those jerks in Kiev! We never trusted those guys, even when we were there in strength, liars and cowards, thugs, not soldiers! The Donbas and Crimea are different. We haven’t forgotten what it cost us to take Sevastopol!

HD – So what is next for the Ukraine?

JG – More misery in the short term. Although part of the US establishment wishes to disengage from the NATO fiasco – and let the German government get on with it – I doubt that Mr Trump will succeed in his bid. So we’ll have another four or even eight years of neocon nonsense. The situation in Eastern Ukraine will get worse, and at some point Russia may well intervene, not softly, but massively. They will show those clowns who really has control. But I may be wrong, there maybe some compromise. I know that our current government does not wish war! Just think about that: who really does?

HD – Hopefully no-one. I thank you again for your time Herr Doktor.

JG – My pleasure. I hope you are enjoying your stay in Berlin!

Photography: Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1968-101-20A, Joseph Goebbels Heinrich Hoffmann / CC-BY-SA 3.0

Crimean Self-Determination or Russian Annexation?

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The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) are both introduced with articles on the right to self-determination. The principle of self-determination as jus cogens or an indisputable norm in international law nevertheless remains ambiguous, particularly relating to the legality behind the principle within the context of contemporary international life. The development of the principle was initially intended on overcoming the human rights impact colonialism had on those subjected to its authority in addition to the impact of decolonisation and post-colonialism had to international stability, economic relations and security as clearly stated in General Assembly Resolution 1514.[1] What is the relationship or distinction between State and Government and does the state itself possess the qualifications as embodied by the Montevideo Convention on the Rights and Duties of States if indeed such qualifications epitomise a universal model of statehood and autonomy? This intricacy is further debilitated when entrenched with ideological discourse as a tool to construct hegemonic regimes rather than adhering to the constitutive conditions within international public law. This complexity is undoubtedly exposed with the annexation of Crimea [territory of the Ukraine] by Russian authorities, undermining the regulations of the United Nations Charter[2] and of jus ad bellum or the criteria that determines the legality of warfare and the use of force, along with the prohibitions and the application of self-determination contained by the authority of international law. From the ousting of Viktor Yanukovych in Ukraine, to the referendum in Crimea that seemingly found the majority of the population in favour of becoming subjects of Russia, to the eventual deployment of Russian military personnel and annexation of the region with the intent of protecting its subjects from pro-Ukrainian extremists, is there a breach of Russia’ international obligations or is there credibility that can be considered legally tenable? It is the intention of this blog post on this gorgeous albeit cold Sunday afternoon to focus on the situation in Crimea by ascertaining Russia’ legal obligations regarding territorial integrity along with use of force, utilising a comparative approach on Kosovo and the Former Yugoslavia to ascertain the meaning of self-determination in international public law.

Continue here

Turning a page, 24 June 2016 #Brexit #Escape

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Today I am turning a page on the long decades of my life in the United Kingdom. I don’t know how long this kingdom will remain united, and, frankly, I don’t care. I don’t care to live under the farcical régime of the Farages and other Johnsons, those jerks, and suffer the obscenities of the Murdoch’s empire, under the constant barrage of blames and lies, that was, really, only bearable because Europe was there, very close. It ain’t anymore.

Evidently the “markets” have their own, very well expressed views. A devaluation of 10% or more is on the card. For someone, like me, who plans now to spend the rest of his life away from these shores, and much further East, this is, of course, very bad news. As many others I depend on a sterling income, years of savings and hard work, all the way paying our due to the “Exchequer”. But this, on the scale of this debacle, is small stuff.

The important thing is now to escape, to seek cultural solace under a different sky, and different voices. It was planned, it is now urgent. So we’ll keep working on it, as we have done, in all justice, since the first clouds started showing up on the horizon… We’ll leave happily, this little wet parcel of earth to the future generations to rebuild, as they see fit. And we wish them good luck.

11 June 2016. The 74th Anniversary of the Massacre of Lidice… An Enormity Repeated Many Times in the Third World by the Neoliberal USA

The year was 1942

Voices from Russia

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This memorial represents the 82 Czech kids from Lidice gassed at Chelmno (what does that tell you about the Holocaust Denier Patrick Buchanan and his drooling disciples Dreher and Whiteford?)

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On 10 June 1942, in present-day Czechia* (then, the German-run Protectorate of Bohemia-Moravia), the fascists destroyed the village of Lidice. The Germans killed all 192 men present (one man was in prison and two were in the Czech forces in the UK; they survived), they deported 213 women to concentration camps (153 returned after the war) and gassed 82 children at Chelmno (6 more kids died in German orphanages and 17 other children passed to German families returned after the war). The fascists even killed all the pet and farm animals. This made the death-toll of Lidice stand at 340 out of 513 total inhabitants (that’s two-thirds of all the souls present in the village)… sounds…

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Ziouganov: Aujourd’hui, nous célébrons la fête la plus importante sur la planète

Sacred War

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https://kprf.ru/party-live/cknews/154892.html

Le 9 mai, à l’occasion du 71-ème anniversaire de la victoire du peuple soviétique sur le fascisme a été organisé à Moscou un rassemblement et une manifestation. Le président du Comité central du Parti communiste, dirigeant des Forces patriotiques populaires de Russie, Guennadi Ziouganov, s’est adressé au public.

05/09/2016

– Chers amis, chers camarades! Aujourd’hui, nous célébrons la fête la plus importante sur la planète. Sans elle, nous ne pourrions pas observer non plus les autres jours fériés. Mais notre régiment de patriotes et de communistes, dès les premiers jours de la grande trahison du pouvoir soviétique en 91,s’est levé de toute sa hauteur et s’est battu pour la victoire, pour l’unité du pays, pour le pouvoir soviétique. Nous n’avons pas renoncé non plus en 93 quand les sbires de Yeltsine ont fait tirer sur le Parlement. Nous n’avons pas été brisés dans la trompeuse année 96, lorsque les…

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Wer hat den II. WK wirklich gewonnen?

Source: http://alles-schallundrauch.blogspot.co.uk

Einer meiner grössten Leidenschaften ist die Geschichte. Egal ob die vor 2000 Jahren oder die des letzten Jahrhunderts. Die wirkliche und wahre Geschichte, nicht die, die uns in den Schulen, in den Universitäten und durch die Medien erzählt wird. Diese ist sowieso entweder lückenhaft oder einseitig oder völlig falsch. Denn, Geschichte besteht aus den Lügen, auf die sich die Historiker geeinigt haben. Heute will ich das Thema – Ende des II. Weltkriegs – behandeln, denn darüber gibt es die grössten Mythen und Märchen. Dabei will ich drei Abschnitte erklären. Wer hat den Krieg in Europa gewonnen? Weshalb kapitulierte das japanische Kaiserreich wirklich? Wieso kam es zum Kalten Krieg?

Warum ist es wichtig, den tatsächlichen Ablauf der Geschichte zu kennen? Zuerst mal ist es kriminell, die Geschichte zu fälschen und Lügen über was in der Vergangenheit passiert ist zu verbreiten. Zweitens, man versteht nur warum die Welt so ist wie sie ist, wenn man die wahre Geschichte kennt. Und Drittens, finde ich die Weisheit von Orwell absolut richtig: „Wer die Vergangenheit kontrolliert, kontrolliert die Zukunft: wer die Gegenwart kontrolliert, kontrolliert die Vergangenheit.” Es geht also um Kontrolle und Manipulation der Menschen.

Orwells Aussage symbolisiert das System, mit dem die Elite die Menschen beherrscht. Genau wie in seinem Buch 1984, gibt es auch in unserer realen Welt keine Geschichtsschreibung, die unverfälscht existiert. Das Ministerium für Wahrheit gibt es wirklich und es sind hunderttausende Arbeiter tagtäglich damit beschäftigt, die Vergangenheit an die Gegenwart anzupassen. Aber nicht nur wird die Aufzeichnung der Vergangenheit geändert, sondern auch Texte, die Autoren mal geschrieben haben. Diese werden dem Zeitgeist angepasst und mit politischer Korrektheit bereinigt.

Ich finde es unerträglich, wie gerade die jüngste Geschichte uns Erwachsenen und unserer Jugend erzählt wird. Es gibt wirklich nicht wichtigeres, als den echten Ablauf der vergangenen Ereignisse zu kennen. Nicht das Märchen der sogenannten westlichen Siegermächte, weil der Sieger die Geschichte schreibt. Aus dieser falschen Geschichtsschreibung ergeben sich nämlich bestimmte Meinungen und Handlungen, die ebenfalls falsch sind. Wir wissen zum Beispiel, Spielfilme haben fast nichts mit der Wahrheit zu tun, dabei üben die bewegten Bilder eine sehr grossen Einfluss aus.

Eigentlich haben wir zwei Probleme, was das Wissen über die Geschichte betrifft. Einen völligen Mangel an Wissen, denn viele Menschen wissen gar nichts. Oder sie wissen etwas, aber es ist falsch. Zum Beispiel über den II. Weltkrieg. Es wird das Märchen erzählt, die Vereinigten Staaten haben den Krieg in Europa gewonnen. Egal was man liest, hört oder sieht, Amerika ist der Sieger. Die Filme und Reportage zeigen nur US-Soldaten als “Befreier”. Dabei, jeder der die Geschichte wirklich unvoreingenommen studiert hat weiss, die Sowjetunion hat den Krieg in Europa gewonnen.

Darüber hört man fast nichts, obwohl diese Tatsache ganz einfach zu beweisen ist. Die britischen und amerikanischen Streitkräfte in Westeuropa waren zusammen mit 20 Divisionen der deutschen Wehrmacht konfrontiert. Nur 20!!! Im Osten kämpfte die Sowjetarmee gegen 200 Divisionen der Wehrmacht. Das heisst, rein zahlenmässig an Gegnern hat die Sowjetunion 90 Prozent des Krieges geführt und damit enorm zum Sieg beigetragen. Sogar Churchill hat zugeben, es war die Rote Armee „die der Nazi-Kriegsmaschine die Eingeweide rausgerissen hat“.

Hier eine weitere Zahl, die den Einsatz und das Opfer zeigt. Die Sowjetunion hatte 20 bis 26 Millionen Kriegstote zu beklagen. Die Amerikaner und Briten 300’000. Auf deutscher Seite, alleine nur von Juli bis November 1944 hatte das Ostheer rund 1,2 Millionen Soldaten verloren.

Das heisst für mich im Umkehrschluss, wenn Nazi-Deutschland nicht 90 Prozent seiner Kriegsmaschine im Osten eingesetzt hätte, wenn diese frei gewesen wäre, um im Westen zu kämpfen, dann hätten die Briten und Amerikaner absolut null Chancen gehabt, einen einzigen Fuss auf europäischen Boden zu stellen. Die Invasionen in Sizilien und an der Normandie hätte man mit Leichtigkeit abwehren können oder hätten gar nicht stattgefunden, da Nordafrika und England selber sowieso von der Wehrmacht besetzt gewesen wären.

Es wäre dann auch nicht zum Bombenkrieg der Alliierten gekommen, der von der britischen Insel aus geführt wurde und die deutsche Rüstungsindustrie schwer beschädigte. Die Nazis hätten in Ruhe ihre „Wunderwaffen“ entwickelt und in Massen produziert, wie V2 und Düsenjäger, plus die Atombombe, und sogar die Ostküste der Vereinigten Staaten mit den Transatlantikbombern ausradieren können. Nur durch den immensen Einsatz der Sowjetarmee wurde all dies verhindert.

Die Sowjets haben der „unbesiegbaren“ deutschen Wehrmacht so eine vernichtende Niederlage verpasst, ganze Armeen wurden eingekesselt und aufgerieben, Millionen an Gefangene gemacht. Die Schlacht um Stalingrad war dabei ein eher kleines Kapitel, obwohl von den Historikern als DIE WENDE bezeichnet. Viel vernichtender war die Operation Bagration, die Grossoffensive der Roten Armee gegen die Heeresgruppe Mitte, die am 22. Juni 1944 begann, mit dem Angriff von vier sowjetischen Fronten.

Diese führte zum vollständigen Zusammenbruch der Heeresgruppe Mitte und dem Verlust von 28 Divisionen der Wehrmacht. Sie gilt als die schwerste und verlustreichste Niederlage der deutschen Militärgeschichte. Die Operation Bagration trug nicht nur entscheidend zur deutschen Kriegsniederlage bei, sondern beeinflusste nachhaltig die politische Entwicklung. Die deutsche Niederlage wurde nun endgültig unausweichlich; die Hoffnungen der Wehrmacht, die Rote Armee wenigstens zu einem Verhandlungsfrieden zwingen zu können, verschwanden.

Die katastrophalen Rückschläge an der Ostfront veranlasste die Gruppe um Graf von Staufenberg am 20. Juli 1944 den Staatsstreich gegen Hitler zu wagen. Nur, es war viel zu spät und ausserdem misslang das Bombenattentat. Roosevelt, Churchill und Stalin wären sowieso nicht auf den Vorschlag eines Waffenstillstandes einer neuen Reichsregierung ohne Hitler eingegangen. Dafür war der Zug schon längst abgefahren. Nur eine totale Kapitulation wollten die Alliierten akzeptieren.

Die grosse Winteroffensive der Roten Armee, die sich Mitte Januar 1945 auf einer Frontbreite von 700 Kilometern von der Memel bis zu den Karpaten entfaltete, rollte unaufhaltsam in westlicher Richtung. Bis zum 1. Februar — innerhalb von 18 Angriffstagen — stiessen die Sowjet-Truppen an der Mittelfront bis zu 300 Kilometer vor. Der Widerstand der Wehrmacht brach dann nach und nach ein, bis die Rote Armee das Reichsgebiet erreichte, Oberschlesien und Ostpreussen eroberte. Am 16. April begann die entscheidende Schlacht der Roten Armee um Berlin.

Am 25. April trafen sich Amerikaner und Russen an der Elbe bei Torgau — auch der russische Ring um Berlin schloss sich an diesem Tag. Am 30. April 1945 beging Hitler Selbstmord. Das zur „Festung“ erklärte Berlin unter General Helmuth Weidling kapitulierte am 2. Mai gegenüber der Roten Armee, nachdem sich die Regierung Dönitz nach Schleswig-Holstein abgesetzt hatte.

Am 7. Mai 1945 wurde im Obersten Hauptquartier der Alliierten Expeditionsstreitkräfte in Reims die bedingungslose Kapitulation unterzeichnet und trat am 8. Mai um 23:01 Uhr MEZ in Kraft. Die Kapitulationserklärung wurde in Berlin-Karlshorst im Hauptquartier der sowjetischen 5. Armee am 8. Mai wiederholt, bereits 9. Mai nach Moskauer Zeit. Deshalb findet seitdem die Siegesfeier mit einer Militärparade in Moskau am 9. Mai statt.

Ganz klar, es war die Sowjetunion, die massgeblich zum Sieg über Hitler-Deutschland beigetragen hat. Ohne den gigantischen Einsatz und den zahllosen Opfern, wäre es nie zur Kapitulation gekommen und Europa würde ganz anders aussehen. Uns wird aber das Märchen erzählt, die Amerikaner hätten praktisch alleine den Krieg in Europa gewonnen. So haben sie sich auch danach dargestellt, sich so aufgespielt und die amerikanische Bevölkerung glaubt es bis heute.

Dass die Sowjets die meiste Kriegslast getragen haben, wird unter dem Tisch gekehrt, weil es nicht in das Feindbild passt, eine Geschichtsfälschung, die bis heute gegenüber Russland anhält. Denn kaum war Nazi-Deutschland besiegt, drehten die westlichen Alliierten den Spiess um und die Sowjetunion wurde zum neuen Feind erklärt.

Es gab sogar die Meinung in US-Militärkreisen, jetzt wo die US-Armee sich in grosser Zahl in Europa befindet, zusammen mit der ehemaligen Wehrmacht gegen die Sowjetunion vorzugehen. Ausserdem hatten die USA als einzige zu diesem Zeitpunkt die Atombombe und die Sowjets noch nicht. Diesen “Vorteil” wollte man nutzen.

Il contributo scientifico di Guglielmo Marconi

A genius of our time…

ROSEBUD - Arts, Critique, Journalism

450px-Guglielmo_Marconidi Roberto Renzetti.

LA FORMAZIONE

        Marconi nasce nel 1874 a Bologna da famiglia agiata. Inizia privatamente i suoi studi a Firenze riportando notevoli insuccessi. Tra l’altro, non riesce ad ottenere l’ammissione all’Accademia Navale, indirizzo al quale il giovane Marconi (come suo padre) teneva molto. Nel 1887 inizia a frequentare l’Istituto Tecnico di Livorno. Si sa che studiava con passione fisica e chimica soprattutto per il grande interesse che suscitavano in lui le lezioni del prof. Bizzarrini. Visto l’interesse di Marconi per la fisica e la chimica (e la disponibilità economica familiare), le lezioni di Bizzarrini furono affiancate da lezioni private di fisica ed elettrotecnica del prof. Rosa. II giovane inizia con il selezionare i suoi interessi: l’elettrotecnica, la pratica manuale lo entusiasmano. A quel tempo, con denaro che il padre gli forniva a malincuore (voleva un figlio ufficiale di Marina e, comunque, dedito a cose più proficue), Marconi comprava…

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Is General Relativity a (partial) Return of Aristotelian Physics?

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Is General Relativity a (partial) Return of Aristotelian Physics?

Herbert Pietschmann Faculty of Physics, Univ. of Vienna.

Abstract:

Aristotle has split physics at the sphere of the moon; above this sphere there is no change except eternal spherical motion, below are two different kinds of motion: Natural motion (without specific cause) and enforced motion. In modern view motion is caused by gravity and by other forces. The split at the sphere of the moon has been definitely overcome through the observation of a supernova and several comets by Tycho Brahe. The second distinction was eradicated by Isaak Newton who showed that gravitational motion was caused by a force proportional to the inverse square of the distance. By the theory of General Relativity, Albert Einstein showed that there is no gravitational force but motion under gravity (i.e. Aristotle’s “natural motion”) is caused by the curved geometry of spacetime. In this way, the Aristotelian distinction between natural motion and enforced motion has come back in the form of two great theories: General Relativity and Quantum Field Theory which are today incompatible. To find a way out of this dilemma is the challenge of modern physics.

Cont’d